ERIC Number: ED262340
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1985-Apr
Reference Count: 0
Alcohol and Drug Use among "Street" Adolescents: An Exploratory Study.
McKirnan, David J.; Johnson, Tina
Although adolescent alcohol and drug use is decreasing, many teenagers continue to use alcohol and drugs. Studies of adolescent alcohol use typically sample intact high school populations, excluding dropouts and adolescents alienated from straight high school populations. Alcohol and drug use and alcohol related attitudes were measured in 62 urban, high-school aged street adolescents (40 females; 22 males) who were alienated from the mainstream educational system. Interview materials included open-ended and structured questions which assessed respondents' alcohol consumption, alcohol related problems, marijuana and other drug use, parental alcohol use, parental norm sending, alcohol concepts, drinking motives, negative mood frequency, peer drinking, and street alcohol use. The results indicated that the respondents were highly alcohol and drug oriented: (1) they reported very high alcohol and marijuana use, high frequency of drinking to get drunk, and alcohol problems; (2) high proportions of their peers drank; and (3) drinking appeared necessary for acceptance into social groups. The major correlates of alcohol use and problems were peer alcohol use, limited knowledge of alcohol effects, and personal drinking motives. Reported parental alcohol use and norm sending showed weak or inconsistent correlations with respondents' alcohol use. These findings demonstrate that a sample of adolescents who would not appear in typical school-based studies exhibited much stronger alcohol involvement than the general adolescent population. (Author/NRB)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Convention of the American Psychological Association (93rd, Los Angeles, CA, August 23-27, 1985).