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ERIC Number: ED262336
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1985-Aug
Pages: 31
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
Do Men Really Fear Nurturing?
Blakemore, Judith E. O.; And Others
Despite recent research showing men capable of nurturing behavior, most men remain reluctant to care for children. Some researchers have suggested that men are fearful of nurturing as a result of traditional sex role socialization while others have suggested an increased role of external factors in explaining the lack of men in child care (pay, status, social stereotypes). To further examine the issue of nurturance, 78 male and 84 female college students read one of ten babysitting scenarios which varied according to sex of babysitter and type of care provided (refusal to sit; minimal care; masculine, feminine, or androgynous care). After reading the story, subjects evaluated the babysitter using the Personal Attributes Questionnaire (PAQ), the Semantic Differential, and the Life Events Questionnaire. On the PAQ, subjects rated the character who refused to sit as most masculine, followed by the character in the masculine scenario. The character in the feminine scenario was rated as most feminine. Analysis of Semantic Differential scores revealed three factors: niceness, competence, and activity. The feminine babysitter, whether male or female, was rated nicest and the feminine, masculine, and androgynous caregivers were rated most competent. The results suggest that the perception of nurturing people as masculine or feminine depends on the gender of the evaluator and the person doing the nurturing. These findings do not support the views that men fear nurturing or that nurturing men are devalued. Social and economic factors may offer better explanations for the low levels of child care done by men. (TW)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: Researchers
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A