ERIC Number: ED262312
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1982-Feb-23
Reference Count: 0
Research on Seeing and Evaluating People.
Geis, Florence L.; And Others
This paper presents a review of research on the processes involved in evaluating others, especially in the area of discrimination against women. The first section defines perceptual bias and presents research data which show that perception is not a faithful representation of reality, but a product of previous beliefs and values. Section II reviews research showing that sex stereotypes, although consciously disavowed, still function as tacit knowledge about men and women and are still represented empirically in contemporary social structure. The research reviewed in section III provides evidence that an intellectual product or process believed to be the work of a man is often evaluated as superior to the identical product or performance attributed to a woman. Section IV reports survey research on the career paths of large samples of men and women in academia and section V focuses on unconscious discriminatory evaluations. Section VI examines research on stereotyping and discrimination against black people, especially black women. The seventh section addresses the question of change toward equality of reward and offers five specific proposals for counteracting perceptual bias. Each section concludes with a summary. (MCF)
Descriptors: Bias, Blacks, Career Ladders, Cognitive Processes, Evaluation Criteria, Females, Literature Reviews, Opinion Papers, Perception, Sex Bias, Sex Discrimination, Sex Stereotypes
Office of Women's Affairs, University of Delaware, Newark, DE 19711 ($6.00; $80.00 for 21 copies).
Publication Type: Information Analyses; Opinion Papers
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Women's Educational Equity Act Program (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Delaware Univ., Newark.