ERIC Number: ED262310
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1985-Aug-24
Reference Count: N/A
Emotional Mood States and the Recall of Childhood Memories.
Monteiro, Kenneth P.; Haviland, Jeannette M.
Recently some psychologists have shown a renewed interest in the relationship between cognition and emotion and have begun to examine the relationship between the representation and processing of factual and emotional information. To investigate the role of emotional state in personal memory retrieval, a study was undertaken to replicate and extend the mood-congruency effects found in previous studies. In this case, however, happiness was compared to anger rather than to sadness as in previous studies. To examine the effect of emotional mood on the production and content of autobiographical memories, 48 college students (24 males, 24 females) were induced to feel either happy or angry and were then asked to recount a childhood or an adolescent memory. These recalls were scored for affect words, social themes portrayed, and number of words used to recount the memory. The results indicated that subjects' mood predicted the valence of affect words present in the memory. Social themes varied as a function of both subjects' mood and subjects' gender. Fluency, number of words produced, was influenced by gender and mood such that females were slightly more fluent than males; moreover, females were most fluent while happy while males were most fluent while angry. The results offer some support for the associative model for mood dependent recall and also suggest that the particular mood may influence recall independently of mood congruency effects. (Author/BL)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Rutgers, The State Univ., New Brunswick, NJ. Research Council.
Authoring Institution: N/A