ERIC Number: ED262309
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1985-Aug
Reference Count: N/A
Test Item Disguise and the Structured Assessment of Clinical Psychopathology.
Holden, Ronald R.
Modern test construction strategies in the areas of personality and psychopathology differ in the use of disguise within test stimulus material. Previous research on the validity of using disguised test item content has favored the rational strategy of test construction which views disguise as a liability under normal test-taking circumstances. The utility of disguised test item content for the assessment of psychopathology with a psychiatric inpatient population was explored in a group of 352 adult psychiatric inpatients. All subjects completed the Basic Personality Inventory, a 12-scale, 240-item, structured, self-report instrument of abnormal behavior. Test item disguise was differentiated into components of face validity (the contextual relevance of a test item) and item subtlety (lack of an obvious, substantive link between a test item and its underlying dimension). The results indicated that the more empirically valid test items had greater face validity and less item subtlety. These findings suggest that the most valid results may be obtained through the use of direct questions, supporting the efficacy of a rational approach to constructing self-report instruments for assessing psychopathology. (NRB)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Queen's Univ., Kingston (Ontario).; Ontario Ministry of Health, Toronto.
Authoring Institution: N/A