ERIC Number: ED262305
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1985-Mar
Reference Count: N/A
The Relationship between Masculinity and Femininity and Variant Childbearing Decisions.
Baber, Kristine M.; Dreyer, Albert S.
As couples choose to have fewer children, to have their first child later in their adult life, or to remain childfree, there is growing interest in the antecedents of these fertility choices. To examine the hypothesis that couples who choose to remain childfree have less traditional sex-role orientations than couples who choose to become parents later in life, 20 expectant women, 20 voluntarily childfree women, and 34 of their husbands completed the Personal Attributes Questionnaire, a measure of psychological masculinity and femininity. The results revealed that there were no statistically significant differences between the childfree and expectant groups with regard to demographic variables. Although the expectant women had higher Masculinity and lower Femininity scores than did the childfree women, t-tests revealed that the differences were not significant. Childfree men had higher Masculinity and lower Femininity scores than did the expectant fathers; again the differences were not statistically significant. There was a significant difference between men and women on the Femininity scale, but no significant sex differences on the Masculinity scale, suggesting that certain items on the Masculinity scale were being rated more highly by the women than would generally be expected. (NRB)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A