ERIC Number: ED262303
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1985-Aug
Type A Performance Standards and Goal Achievement.
Ward, Clay H.
Achievement striving is a central dimension of the Type A behavior pattern. To investigate the relationship between Type A behavior pattern, personal performance goals, and goal achievement on two general information tests, 126 undergraduates participated in a two-phase study. First, behavior patterns were assessed using the Framingham Type A Scale and subjects were classified as either Type A, Type X, or Type B. Subjects then completed the two general information tests. Before each test, subjects established a personal performance goal and after each test subjects received feedback on their performance. The results indicated that Type As established higher performance goals on both tests and were less likely to achieve their personal performance goals than Type Xs or Type Bs. Furthermore, the tendency for Type As not to achieve their goals on test one was directly related to a failure to substantially modify their high performance goals on test two. Type Bs, in contrast, showed a significant shift from nonachievement on test one to achievement of personal goals on test two. The results suggest that Type A achievement striving is characterized by repeated failure to achieve personal goals due to a tendency to adopt performance goals which exceed their performance and prior achievement outcomes. (Author/NRB)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A