ERIC Number: ED262258
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1985-Aug
Reference Count: 0
How Schools Prepare Youth for Productive Employment. Education & Employment. Research for the Practitioner. Research Brief No. 8.
This research program examined the effects of schooling on 10 student outcomes selected as indicators of labor market success: four academic test scores (verbal, qualitative, science, and civics); two measures of career expectations (educational and occupational expectations); three attitudinal factors (self-esteem, work values, and sense of control); and school deportment. Four separate studies were conducted, based on an analysis of the High School and Beyond Survey data. Findings are based on information from about 27,000 students surveyed in 1980 as sophomores and then, again, two years later. Some of the major findings of the research are these: (1) more academic course offerings raised test scores and educational expectations; (2) dropping out of school decreased verbal and mathematics test scores, had a substantial effect on individuals' readiness to learn and was more injurious to blacks; (3) longer school days or school years did not have large effects on any of the outcomes; and (4) family background had a strong effect on whether a student entered the academic track, especially during the last two years of high school. Although the effect of track membership was small, some of the effects reported were that students' educational expectations and mathematics test scores rose with membership in the academic track, and that taking vocational courses often deflated students' test scores and career expectations. Among the implications for school policy are that consideration be given to increasing the required number of academic courses, strongly encouraging youths to complete high school, and possibly discontinuing the track system. (KC)
Publication Type: Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Inst. of Education (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Ohio State Univ., Columbus. National Center for Research in Vocational Education.