ERIC Number: ED262255
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1985-Aug
Reference Count: 0
The Social Payoff from Occupationally Specific Training: The Employers' Point of View. Education & Employment. Research for the Practitioner. Research Brief No. 5.
A survey of over 3,800 employers found that school-provided vocational training was required for 9.5 percent of the jobs studied and "important but not required" for another 37.9 percent. In this study, new employees with relevant vocational education exhibited these characteristics: (1) were 6.5 percent more productive 6 to 36 months after being hired; (2) required about 20 percent less formal on-the-job training and 10 percent less informal on-the-job training; (3) had higher wage rates; (4) increased the firm's output and reduced its training costs by considerably more than the additional wages paid; and (5) were more productive and required less training if that training were obtained at a two-year college or vocational institute. Only vocational education that was relevant offered these benefits. Also, increases in productivity and savings of training costs by having a vocationally trained worker were much greater at small companies than at large companies. Employers also benefited in a similar manner by hiring workers with relevant prior job experience. As a result of these findings, the study concluded that vocational education should focus on generic occupational skills or focus on more specific skills that are in short supply, that vocational education should set an immediate goal of a high rate of training-related placement, and that students should be encouraged to secure part-time jobs in fields related to their school programs. (KC)
Publication Type: Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Inst. of Education (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Ohio State Univ., Columbus. National Center for Research in Vocational Education.
Note: For final report, see ED 236 375.