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ERIC Number: ED262135
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1983-Oct
Pages: 14
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
Cognitive Cultural Learning, Intergroup Contact and Change in Ethnic Attitudes and Relations.
Amir, Yehuda; Ben-Ari, Rachel
This study was designed to test the assumption that intergroup contact will lead to changes in attitudes. The objectives were to assess the attitudes and perceptions held by Israelis regarding Eqypt and Eqyptians, and to evaluate the pattern of change occurring in these attitudes and perceptions following an intervention program and subsequent contact with Egyptians during a standard tour of their country. The subjects were 662 (Jewish) Israelis visiting Egypt on 16 organized tours. There were two groups--an experimental group which was exposed to programs designed to improve Israelis' perceptions of Egyptians and a control group which was not exposed. The results indicated that there were two factors included in the participants' attitudes: 1) a general attitude that included emotional reactions and cognitive evaluations, and 2) political reactions which included opinions concerning the nature and feasibility of the Israeli-Egyptian peace process. For the control group the changes in these attitudes as a consequence of contact with Egyptians showed a negative trend in the general attitude and no change in the political attitude. Regarding the Israelis' perception of the Egyptian, there was a negative change in the intellectual-competence aspect and a positive change in the personal-social dimension. The changes were congruent with the initial attitudes held by the participants. For the experimental group it was clear that the various programs to which they were exposed had a positive effect on their personal-social attitudes towards Egyptians. In this group again, however, the political attitudes were not significantly altered. A reference list and tables showing the attitude changes on a scale from 1-4 are included. (CG)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: Researchers
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Egypt; Israel