ERIC Number: ED262127
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1985-Sep
Reference Count: N/A
Educational Opportunity for Underrepresented Minority Students in California: Comparisons with Other States.
Martinez, Michael E.
This report compares California with other states in how the problem of low achievement by minority students is being confronted. The severity of the achievement gap is assessed, as well as the steps being taken to close the gap. The topics considered are: (1) the changing demographic profile of racial and ethnic minorities in California; graduation rates; correlates of the achievement gap such as unemployment, juvenile delinquency, and criminality; and the moral and practical needs for change; (2) educational disadvantages of ethnic and racial minority students (education level of parents of SAT examinees; family income; English deficiency; subjects studied in high school; proportion of examinees in a college preparatory program; and the deleterious effects of tracking); (3) minority representation and scoring on college entrance examinations (test scores by race and ethnicity; effects of increased minority representation among examinees; encouraging minority students to take college entrance tests); (4) the establishment of equitable college admissions requirements, with emphasis on California; (5) data from community colleges, four year colleges, graduate schools, and professional schools in California on minority representation and success; and (6) selected efforts to increase minority representation in California and other states. On many measures of progress toward equal representation among achievers, California was one of the best among comparable states. Black Californians are fairly well represented in colleges, but Hispanics are severely underrepresented at all levels of postsecondary education. It is noted that the numbers of minority students aspiring to higher education are increasing and that college admission test scores are on the rise for minority groups. Further, many groups, universities, and testing organizations are attempting to improve the situation. (CG)
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Access to Education, Affirmative Action, American Indians, Asian Americans, Blacks, College Admission, College Entrance Examinations, Demography, Educational Attainment, Enrollment, Equal Education, Hispanic Americans, Limited English Speaking, Low Income Groups, Minority Groups, Parent Background, Postsecondary Education, Secondary Education, Students, Underachievement
Publication Type: Reports - General
Education Level: N/A
Audience: Policymakers; Researchers
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: California