ERIC Number: ED262093
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1985-Apr
Reference Count: N/A
What's New in I.Q.? A Contemporary Analysis with Implications for Gifted/Talented/Creative.
Shaughnessy, Michael F.
Recent theorists have begun to re-conceptualize the construct of "intelligence." This paper reviews recent theories of intelligence and indicates implications for practitioners, educators, and individuals. Theories and theorists discussed include the following: (1) Robert Sternberg has advanced the "triarchic theory" of intelligence with three subtheories (componential sub-theory, experiential sub-theory, and a contextual sub-theory). Of particular importance for education are Steinberg's conception of "insight," his components of "knowledge acquisition," and his conception of "automaticity." (2) Howard Gardner has indicated that there is no single intelligence, but that there are several types. These include linguistic, logical, mathematical, visual and spatial conceptualizations, body kinesthetic skills, inter-personal abilities and intra-personal knowledge. (3) Warren Dohemann and Melvin Suhd have removed emphasis from higher theoretical aspects of intelligence to the practical matters of learning and education. They point toward growth and the maximization of intelligence through the curriculum. (4) Alan and Nadine Kaufman have developed the Kaufman Assessment Battery for testing of sequential and simultaneous processing, in an effort to integrate theory and practice. (5) Feuerstein's Learning Potential Assessment Device also has a strong theoretical foundation. (6) Thorndike has advocated an information processing point of view toward intelligence. His processing perspective encompasses long and short term memory, neuristics, and speed of processing. (LMO)
Descriptors: Ability Identification, Cognitive Measurement, Cognitive Processes, Cognitive Tests, Creativity Tests, Elementary Secondary Education, Intelligence Differences, Intelligence Quotient, Intelligence Tests, Kinesthetic Perception, Learning Processes, Mathematics Skills, Memory, Nonverbal Ability, Psychological Testing, Researchers, Spatial Ability, Talent Identification, Verbal Ability
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Kaufman Assessment Battery for Children; Learning Potential Assessment Device