ERIC Number: ED262056
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1983-Apr
Reference Count: N/A
Detection of Bias Test Items Using Item Response Theory Models.
Crovo, Mary L.; Phillips, Gary W.
This paper presents the dual approach to item bias detection employed in the Maryland Functional Testing Program (MFTP). Using instructional objectives mandated by the Maryland State Board of Education, the MFTP develops two levels of the Maryland Functional Reading Test (MFRT) and the Maryland Functional Mathematics Tests (MFMT). These multiple-choice, domain-referenced instruments are used for high school graduation certification (grade 9 version) and for diagnostic purposes (grade 7 version). The item bias detection process involves a 15-member Bias Committee which reviews items prior to field testing and then, one year later, items are reviewed subsequent to field testing accompanied by statistical bias data which uses Hambleton's graphical analysis and replication technique. As indicated by statistical and graphical results, no items on the Level I or Level II MFRT appeared racially or sexually biased. Item review form and graphs showing race bias analysis conclude the document. (BS)
Descriptors: Advisory Committees, Criterion Referenced Tests, Culture Fair Tests, Item Analysis, Latent Trait Theory, Minimum Competency Testing, Racial Bias, Secondary Education, Sex Bias, State Programs, Statistical Analysis, Student Certification, Test Bias, Test Construction, Test Items, Testing Programs
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - Descriptive; Tests/Questionnaires
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A