ERIC Number: ED262020
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1985-Apr
Reference Count: 0
Cognitive Strategies to Teach Motor Skills to Elderly Learners in Nursing Homes.
Anshel, Mark H.
Researchers have found that the elderly are as capable of learning motor skills as younger persons but perform better under some conditions than others. For example, the elderly learn and perform motor skills more efficiently when there is additional time to respond to stimulus. Tasks which are self-regulated rather than directed by an external source allow the older person additional time to monitor the accuracy of their response. This results in greater probability of an accurate response even at the expense of speed. This is a common trait of elders who feel that errors are more detrimental to quality performance than reduced speed. It is hoped that the use of cognitive strategies by older performers will enable them to be more efficient in feeling more comfortable and perform at maximal efficiency under a variety of environmental conditions. Examples of cognitive strategies which might be most compatible with meeting this objective include imagery, anticipation, self-verbalization, chunking, rhythm, focused attention, and pre-cueing. This paper includes a review of each of these cognitive operations and practical suggestions for using them in teaching the older adult learner. A 59-item reference list is appended. (Author/JD)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Audience: Teachers; Practitioners
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the National Convention of the American Alliance of Health, Physical Education, Recreation and Dance (Atlanta, GA, April 17-21, 1985).