ERIC Number: ED261957
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1985-Aug
Reference Count: N/A
Protestant Work Ethics: A Comparison of American and Japanese Working Men.
Engel, John W.
While concerns grow regarding the possible "decline" of America's traditional work ethics, there is a growing interest in Japanese economic successes and work ethics. This study compares the work ethics of American and Japanese men. A questionnaire was designed to measure values related to America's "Protestant work ethics" and to traditional Japanese work ethics. Work Ethic Questionnaires were distributed to samples of 220 American and 368 Japanese employed men. T-test comparisons of groups resulted in significant differences on 29 of 34 work ethic items. American men were found to place a higher value on individualism, independence, and self-sufficiency, and tended to believe that education and hard work lead to success. Japanese men were found to place a higher value on group involvement, loyalty to employer and country, and large over small organizations; and tended to agree with many of the values that have been termed "Puritan" or "Protestant work ethic" in America. Results were discussed in terms of American and Japanese cultural traditions and change. The data provided evidence that "Protestant ethics" are still strong in America, while some aspects of traditional Japanese work ethics may be changing. A reference list and a table showing the results of a comparison between the work values of American and Japanese men conclude the document. (Author/LH)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Japan; United States