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ERIC Number: ED261802
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1984-Jun
Pages: 16
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
Individual Differences in the Variety of Sensorimotor Schemes Infants Use to Explore Objects: Relationships to Quality of Exploration and Problem-Solving Behavior.
Caruso, David A.
Infants' exploration of their environment has been considered by Piaget and others to provide a vehicle for cognitive development. Little research, however, has examined in detail what infants actually do while exploring or how exploratory behavior is related to other aspects of cognitive functioning. The present investigation was designed to address both of these issues by studying individual differences in a number of qualitative aspects of exploratory behavior and the relationship of these differences to problem-solving behavior in 1-year-old infants. Forty infants of middle-class parents were observed on exploratory and problem-solving tasks using predetermined behavior checklists to test the hypothesis that infants who use a number of different schemes during exploration will be more likely to solve the structured problem-solving tasks than infants who use fewer schemes. The number of schemes used to explore was found to be positively correlated with both success and sophistication in problem-solving. Also, a number of interesting relationships were found between the number of schemes used and other aspects of exploratory behavior. The results are interpreted in terms of Piaget's analysis of the coordination of schemes in sensorimotor stage four. (Author/RH)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A