ERIC Number: ED261771
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1985-Apr
Reference Count: 0
Environmental Correlates of Optimal Child Development: A Look at the Maternal Social Support System Moderating Levels of Mother/Child Stress and Home Stimulation.
Ryan, Kathleen; And Others
Pre- and post-natal medical, financial, demographic, and maternal social support data were collected from 220 lower socioeconomic status (SES), "high risk" mothers and their newborn infants. Additional data were obtained later from a subsample of 19 boys and 19 girls between 18 and 24 months of age and their mothers. Mothers ranged in age from 15 to 42 years, with a mean age of 24 and a mean education level of 11.4 years. There were 25 caucasian and 13 minority families in the subsample. Measures administered to participants during 2-hour in-home visits included the Bayley Scales of Infant Development (Motor and Mental), the Maternal Social Support Index, the Inventory of Home Stimulation, the Parenting Stress Inventory, the Shipley Institute of Living Scale - Vocabulary Test, and a demographic questionnaire. Current maternal social support was correlated positively with home stimulation and accounted for the largest portion of the variance, in comparison to race and income at time of birth. Mothers who reported high stress and low support provided significantly lower amounts of home stimulation than families characterized by any other combination of support/stress factors. No significant predictors of Bayley development scores or of cognitive development were found. (RH)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Spring Convention of the Ohio Psychological Association (April, 1985).