ERIC Number: ED261752
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1985-Sep
Reference Count: N/A
The Historical Development of the Community Colleges of the State University of New York. SUNY Community College Topical Paper, Number 1.
Martens, Freda R. H.
The history of the community colleges in New York is traced from their establishment in 1948 to the present. Following introductory comments on the scope of the paper, a discussion is provided of early efforts to expand educational opportunities in New York, including the Peoples College, normal schools and vocational farm schools, and a 5-year experiment with 22 Emergency Collegiate Centers. The next section focuses on the educational climate, and needs and demands that led to the legislation establishing the community colleges in 1948. The establishment and growth of the state's community colleges are considered next, from the system's slow beginnings to its explosive growth in the 1950's and 1960's. This section indicates that by 1960, 18 community colleges existed, making strides toward the goal of placing "every high school graduate in the state within commuting distance of a two-year college." The final section highlights the problems that resulted from this rapid growth (i.e., accessibility for all students, program quality, and increased need for fiscal support), explaining how these conditions led to an expanded community college mission and a closer alignment with the State University of New York. Concluding comments stress that although New York was the last state to establish a statewide community college system, it is currently one of only five states to enroll more than 250,000 students, a success created in part by accessibility for non-traditional students and recent high school graduates, matched by the quality of the faculty and of programs designed to meet the diverse educational needs of the state's population. (EJV)
Publication Type: Historical Materials
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: State Univ. of New York, Albany. Office for Community Colleges.
Identifiers - Location: New York