ERIC Number: ED261725
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1979-Apr
Reference Count: N/A
Testing the Effectiveness of the One-To-One Method of Teaching Composition: Improvement of Learning in English Project.
Simmons, Jo An McGuire
A study was conducted in the Los Angeles Community College District (LACCD) to test the effectiveness of the Garrison method, a one-to-one method of teaching composition, as a means of improving learning in composition classes with students inexperienced in writing and lacking in language skills. A comparison was made between experimental and control groups on four campuses with respect to student scores on essay and objective tests and questionnaire responses from students and teachers. Study findings included the following: (1) Garrison method students showed significantly greater writing gains on pre- and post-test essay exams than control group students; (2) remedial classes gained significantly more than freshman English classes on essay exams; (3) there were no significant differences among the four colleges involved on essay exam results; (4) an analysis of student gains showed that teaching method alone made no significant difference to progress in vocabulary, usage, and sentence structure as measured by objective test results; (5) 78.4% of the Garrison method students had better feelings about themselves as writers after the class; (6) Garrison classes generally retained a higher percentage of students than control group classes; and (7) teacher morale in Garrison classes was high. Based on study findings it was recommended that the LACCD provide training in the Garrison method; provide funding for in-class tutors; publish report findings; develop an employment classification for in-class tutors; fund an essay placement exam; and limit enrollment in composition classes to 35 students. (LAL)
Publication Type: Reports - Evaluative; Tests/Questionnaires
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Los Angeles Community Coll. District, CA. Educational Services Div.