ERIC Number: ED261530
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1984-Aug
Reference Count: 0
Cognitive Profile: Relationship to Achievement and Development.
Letteri, Charles A.
The paper reviews research in the area of cognition, specifically cognitive controls (information processing habits which tend to function across a variety of content areas). The review addresses information on three research questions: (1) What cognitive factors can reliably measure and describe the differences in levels of academic achievement betweem various individuals? (2) Is it possible to remediate, through training, certain of these cognitive differences found to be associated with below grade level achievement? and (3) Can these remediated controls be transferred and generalized to certain areas of academic achievement? It is pointed out that research in cognitive controls and profiles has demonstrated a significant relationship to academic achievement from grades 1 through 8. In addition, remediation of deficit cognitive controls has led to an average increase of 3.65 grade levels in standardized testing results. Cross-sectional data reveal that a Type 1 cognitive profile is related to superior academic achievement from grade 1 to 8, while Type 2 profiles demonstrate average performance and Type 3 profiles display below grade norm achievement for the same period. By grade 8, an 8 to 9 grade differential separate a Type 1 and Type 3 profile. Related research is cited which indicates a significant relationship between a mother's cognitive profile and that of her child under 6. (CL)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Information Analyses; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Conference on Thinking (Cambridge, MA, August 19-23, 1984).