ERIC Number: ED261527
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1985-May-28
Common Threads in Behavior Checklists, Task Analysis, Prompting, Operations Training, and Chaining Research.
Walls, Richard T.
The paper reviews studies on performance objectives, task analysis, and prompting and instruction sequences as they relate to the education of handicapped students. The initial section, on performance objectives, reviews the development of the Vocational Behavior Checklist and the Subsequent Independent Living Behavior Checklist. The next step in the overall model, task analysis, is considered in terms of choosing task specificity. Instructional research is summarized according to sequence (backward chaining, forward chaining, whole task), mode of prompts (verbal, visual, physical, olfactory, gustatory), placement of prompts (pre-response and error correction), and quality of prompts (stimulus prompts and response prompts). The three aspects are integrated, and implications are drawn for teaching independence skills to handicapped populations. Among the implications are that specific performance objectives facilitate teaching and learning; that task analysis with more steps may be more helpful than task analysis with fewer steps; and that trainers could more efficiently train complex skills through the use of systematic procedures. References and six figures are appended. (CL)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Association on Mental Deficiency (109th, Philadelphia, PA, May 27-31, 1985). Research supported in part by the National Institute of Handicapped Research through the West Virginia Rehabilitation Research and Training Center.