ERIC Number: ED261505
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1984-Jul
Reference Count: 0
Assessment and Remediation of Complex Reasoning in Specific Subgroups of Learning Disabled Adolescents. Final Report.
Stone, C. Addison; And Others
The study is described which examined quantitative and qualitative differences among learning disabled (LD) subgroups and between LD and normal Ss in reasoning and problem solving behaviors. The research strategy involved (1) detailed analyses of the behavior of subgroups of LD adolescents and of matched normal achieving adolescents in a task requiring the use of complex reasoning skills; (2) a detailed follow-up of the progress made by individuals exhibiting specific reasoning difficulties over a series of individually designed instructional sessions; and (3) the development of materials to help LD practitioners diagnose and remediate reasoning deficits in adolescents. Three LD subgroups were identified and their performances compared with three non-LD control groups: no discrepancy (ND) LD, low verbal (VL) LD, and low performance (LP) LD. Comparisons were made among subgroups and with same age and younger controls. The intervention phase was designed to explore the utility of a single-subject design and a Piagetian clinical interview strategy for remediating reasoning and problem solving demands. Among findings were that the three LD subgroups demonstrated differential performance on the bending rods task, LD Ss performed more like ninth grade than fourth grade controls, and performance of ND and LV Ss was mixed. It was concluded that not all LD adolescents have difficulties with reasoning and problem solving skills, and that the specific nature of the dificulties varies as a function of the type of LD and of the task demands. (CL)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Department of Education, Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Northwestern Univ., Evanston, IL. Dept. of Communicative Disorders.