ERIC Number: ED261496
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1985-Jul
Robotics, Artificial Intelligence, Computer Simulation: Future Applications in Special Education.
Moore, Gwendolyn B.; And Others
The report describes three advanced technologies--robotics, artificial intelligence, and computer simulation--and identifies the ways in which they might contribute to special education. A hybrid methodology was employed to identify existing technology and forecast future needs. Following this framework, each of the technologies is defined, considered in terms of the state of the art, discussed according to ratings of scenarios by a panel of technology and special education experts; and predictions are made for the likelihood of those scenarios. Near-term applications are identified: an object and mechanical device manipulating robot to help students perform independently daily living or vocational activities (robotics); a clinical diagnostic expert system to help in screening, diagnosis, and placement (artificial intelligence); and a personal management simulator to teach students about practical living skills (computer simulation). A series of eight conclusions are offered, including that certain applications of artificial intelligence and computer simulation appear more promising, in the foreseeable future, than those in robotics; that some significant technical and cost barriers exist; and that most of these barriers are generic to all applications of the technologies, not solely to special education settings. Appendixes contain summaries of industrial applications for which in-depth reviews were conducted, a questionnaire for expert panelists, instructions to panelists for developing scenarios, and scenarios of technologies in special education. (CL)
Descriptors: Artificial Intelligence, Computer Oriented Programs, Computers, Daily Living Skills, Disabilities, Educational Diagnosis, Educational Technology, Electromechanical Aids, Futures (of Society), Prediction, Robotics, Simulation, Special Education, Technological Advancement
Cosmos Corporation, 1735 Eye St., Suite 613, Washington, DC 20006 ($25.00).
Publication Type: Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Special Education Programs (ED/OSERS), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: COSMOS Corp., Washington, DC.
Note: The project was developed by COSMOS's Management and Technology Institute. Paper based on document was presented at the Annual Convention of the Council for Exceptional Children (63rd, Anaheim, CA, April 15-19, 1985).