ERIC Number: ED261456
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1985-Jul
Reference Count: N/A
School Size and School Disorder.
Gottfredson, Denise C.
This paper uses a national survey of secondary schools to examine the relation between size and orderliness in secondary schools and to test alternative theories linking school disorder to school size. Manning theory and social control theory, taken together, predict that larger schools will experience more disruption because a smaller proportion of the student population will be involved in meaningful activities. In addition, previous research suggests that larger schools experience more disorder because they cannot be managed as effectively as small schools due to communication problems. This study uses regression analyses and case studies of schools that underwent shifts in enrollment to examine the tenability of each of the foregoing perspectives. Results imply that school size is related to school safety, and that administrative problems in large schools, such as breakdown in communication, inadequate feedback about performance, and lack of staff involvement in decision-making, are likely to link school size to school disorder. The results lend no support, however, to speculations that school disorder arises in large schools because they are more impersonal than small schools.(Author/TE)
Descriptors: Administrative Problems, Case Studies, Coordination, Delinquency Causes, Discipline Problems, Educational Environment, Elementary Secondary Education, Organizational Communication, Organizational Effectiveness, Regression (Statistics), School Security, School Size, School Supervision, Social Control
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Inst. of Education (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Johns Hopkins Univ., Baltimore, MD. Center for Social Organization of Schools.