ERIC Number: ED261418
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1984
Reference Count: N/A
How Culture Is Performed: A Gallegan Paradigm.
Valentine, K. B.; Valentine, D. E.
An American family lived for 12 months in the Spanish province of Galicia as participant observers in the daily performance of the cultural roles and rituals of people living in the city of Santiago de Compostela. Since focus was on the performative dimensions of the culture, 38 people were formally interviewed, along with more than 100 on an informal basis, in an effort to discern the meaning that particular social actions have for the participants. The hypothesis was that by tracing the oral performances of a middle-aged Gallegan woman, using a year-long participant-observation methodology, her cultural world would be revealed. Culture, for this study, was defined as a group of people possessing a distinctive way of thinking that is in turn transmitted to the young. Analyses of the data collected show that a stranger can correctly anticipate scenes in which the leading characters place high value on behaving with a deep sense of responsibility to their families; on obeying the moral structures of the community; on being thrifty, hardworking, and practical in order to achieve self-sufficiency; on having some skepticism of authority and things not directly experienced, yet assuming no conflict with the teaching of the Catholic Church; and on exhibiting in public a wide range of emotions from anger to laughter. (The paper contains transcriptions of conversations between the Gallegan woman and the researchers.) (DF)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Spain