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ERIC Number: ED261379
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1985-May
Pages: 34
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
Major Differences between Product and Process Approaches to Composition: Topic Choice, Revision, and the Writing Conference.
Ames, Nancy H.
Defining the "product" approach to composition as that which emphasizes the finished product over the steps that led up to completion, and the "process" approach as that which emphasizes the recursive steps that lead to the final product, this paper compares these two approaches to composition instruction. The first section provides a rationale that explores the shift from product to process oriented instruction, a definition of terms, and the intent of the comparison. The second section presents the comparison, introducing the general differences. This section explores the importance of process over product, the naturalistic learning environment, and the relative importance of writing within the curriculum, all of which characterize the process approach. In addition, this section examines the three principle differences between the process and product approaches--specifically topic choice, revisions, and writing conferences between teacher and student. The third section presents conclusions drawn from this comparision, particularly the implication that teachers must approach writing with the same naturalistic approach they take with children who are learning to talk, and the suggestion that research should be undertaken to determine just how widely the process approach is being used in the classroom. A three page list of references concludes the paper. (HTH)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A