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ERIC Number: ED261320
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1983-Mar
Pages: 19
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
Encouragement: A Process for All Seasons.
Runion, Keith B.
Encouragement is a very effective means of enhancing appropriate behavior in others. Before one can be encouraging, one must recognize how people discourage others through verbalizations, actions, attitudes, beliefs, one's position in the family, and school. Schools discourage students through expectations, grades, report cards, competition, teacher's reprimands that a student "can do better," sibling comparisons, and emphasizing mistakes. In order to be encouraging, one should avoid praise that emphasizes the speaker rather than the listener/doer and grandiose value judgments rather than the effort of the individual. It would also be helpful to avoid nagging, listing all the "don'ts," feeling sorry for children, and saying "that's great, but..." There are three basic types of encouragement: verbal, gestural, and situational. Effective verbal encouragement, oral or written, must emphasize the listener/doer and his efforts. Gestural encouragement refers to all the physical touching and motioning that one does to acknowledge the worth of someone else. The primary concern with gestural encouragement is to use gestures appropriate to the individual. In situational encouragement, one creates a situation that will be encouraging to someone else, for example, by asking for help or giving responsibility. To be a successful encourager, one must be willing to be encouraging, be willing to practice, and must keep oneself encouraged. (NRB)
Publication Type: Opinion Papers; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A