ERIC Number: ED261317
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1984-Aug
Reference Count: 0
Responsibility for Drinking and Driving in Adolescents.
McKinney, J. P.; And Others
An attempt to measure responsibility for the effects of careful or careless driving involved the development of a scale for driving locus of control (DLOC). An early version of the DLOC was given to 43 college students. Preliminary results indicated that test-retest reliability and internal consistency were high enough to warrant further development. On a repeat testing, scores of internal responsibility were significantly higher following the presentation of a film concerning the effects of drunk driving. The current version of the DLOC was derived from the responses of 55 high school students to 100 forced-choice items in a second study. Two forms of the DLOC, each containing 15 forced-choice items and 5 fillers, were developed from the responses. The two forms were administered to 266 high school students in a third study. Subjects also completed the Alcohol Expectancy Questionnaire (AEQ) and the Children's Depression Inventory (CDI). The results revealed a high correlation between Forms A and B, and high internal consistency of each form. Scores on internal responsibility were significantly more internal following presentation of the film on drunk driving. No factors on the AEQ were significantly related to the DLOC, but scores on the CDI were correlated with the DLOC. The DLOC is currently being used in a larger study aimed at developing an educational program to be used in high schools to teach responsible driving. References and tables are provided and the two forms of the DLOC are included as an appendix. (Author/NRB)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Convention of the American Psychological Association (92nd, Toronto, Ontario, Canada, August 24-28, 1984).