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ERIC Number: ED261315
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1985
Pages: 36
Abstractor: N/A
The Dual-Earner Family's Impact on the Child and the Family System: Review and Implications for Counseling Practice.
Bennett, Bert; Reardon, Robert
In recent years there has been a rapid increase in the number of American families in which both spouses work. The literature regarding preschoolers suggests that one cannot say that being from a dual-earner family will necessarily harm a child. Key issues center not on whether both parents work, but on the quality of substitute care and how well the family copes with the stresses of a dual-earner lifestyle. The research on school-age children has examined the issues of time spent with the children, sex-role modeling, academic achievement, intelligence quotients, career aspirations, adequacy of substitute care, psychosocial adjustment and perceived rejection. Generally, the literature shows that the mother's working does not have to adversely affect the child. There are many mediating factors that are crucial in determining whether the dual-earner lifestyle results in harm or benefits, i.e., the child's age, sex, and relationship to parents; family socioeconomic status; nature of mother's work; family's coping resources; and the role of the father. Counselors can help dual-earner families in their adjustment through diagnostic, guidance and counseling, consultation and program development, and referral interventions. In addition, counselors must continue to study the dual-earner family phenomenon in order to help families cope with the stresses and take advantage of the opportunities for growth and change. A nine-page reference list is appended. (NRB)
Publication Type: Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Audience: Counselors; Practitioners
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A