ERIC Number: ED261294
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1985-Mar
Reference Count: N/A
Gender-Stereotyping of Cognitive Abilities.
Matlin, Margaret W.; Matkoski, Kathleen M.
In the area of cognitive skills, the actual differences between males and females are relatively small. Females score slightly higher on verbal tasks and males score slightly higher on mathematical tasks. According to the cognitive approach to stereotypes, people should perceive these differences to be quite large. To determine whether subjects would estimate large differences between females and males in verbal and mathematical performance, 101 college students estimated the average scores for females and males in their freshman class on the verbal and mathematical portions of the Scholastic Aptitude Test (SAT). Subjects also completed the Bem Sex-Role Inventory (BSRI). The results indicated that both female and male subjects judged that females would do significantly better on the verbal portion and that males would do significantly better on the mathematical portion of the SAT. Further analyses demonstrated that female and male subjects did not differ in the extent of their stereotyping. Sex-typed individuals (feminine females and masculine males), as identified by scores on the BSRI, showed no greater tendency to stereotype than did other individuals. (Author/NRB)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: SAT (College Admission Test)