ERIC Number: ED261277
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1985-Apr
Reference Count: 0
Expectations of Reinforcement from Alcohol: Abusing versus Nonabusing Adolescents.
Creamer, Vicki A.; Brown, Sandra A.
Expectancies of reinforcement from alcohol have been investigated from a variety of research perspectives. Although results vary with methodology, subject characteristics, and amount of alcohol consumed, research seems to indicate that the expectation of receiving alcohol influences, and at times outweighs, the actual pharmacological properties of alcohol in determining certain behaviors. To determine whether significant differences exist between alcohol abusing and nonabusing adolescents, adolescent alcohol expectancies and drinking patterns were investigated in 91 adolescents and their parents. Adolescents were classified as Low Risk if neither they nor their parents had problems with alcohol, as At Risk if one parent was currently in an alcohol treatment program, and as Alcohol Abusing if the adolescent was in an alcohol treatment program. Parents were classified as Abusers or Nonabusers. Adolescents and parents completed survey materials which included demographic information, drinking history, number and kinds of recent life stressors, coping strategies, and the Alcohol Expectancy Questionnaire. Data analyses revealed that Alcohol Abusing adolescents scored significantly higher than Low Risk adolescents on the AEQ scale of Positive Cognitive Motor Changes; significantly higher than the At Risk group on Expectation of Tension Reduction; and significantly higher than both groups on Global Positive Transformation of Experience, Enhanced Social Behavior, Increased Arousal, and in total alcohol reinforcement expectancies. These findings suggest that alcohol-abusing adolescents expect significantly more reinforcement from alcohol than do nonabusing adolescents. (NRB)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Western Psychological Association (65th, San Jose, CA, April 18-21, 1985).