ERIC Number: ED260974
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1984-Aug
Reference Count: N/A
Conditional Reasoning in Jamaica.
Nolan, C. A.; Brandon, E. P.
The results of studies that examined the logical reasoning of secondary students in Jamaica are analyzed. A logical reasoning test was administered to 205 Jamaican students in grades 7, 9, and 11. Also analyzed were data collected using the same instrument on three other groups of Jamaican students in grades 7, 8, 9, and 10. As expected, test performance was not very good. Students did show some improvement in logical reasoning from grade to grade. No significant sex differences were found in overall reasoning ability. Nor were correlations found between reasoning ability and academic achievement. However, clear differences were found between educational strata within the school, e.g., science was found to encourage a critical spirit. The Jamaican students scored much lower than a group of U.S. students taking the same test. Reasons for the noticeable differences in level of performance may be due to a number of factors, including lack of resources in Jamaican schools and the inadequate knowledge and skills of many teachers, especially at the elementary level. Some important facts that teachers need to be taught about logical reasoning are suggested. (RM)
Descriptors: Abstract Reasoning, Academic Achievement, Comparative Analysis, Comparative Education, Educational Needs, Educational Research, Foreign Countries, Instructional Program Divisions, Logic, Logical Thinking, Resource Materials, Secondary Education, Sex Differences, Student Characteristics, Teacher Background, Teacher Education, Teacher Qualifications
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Jamaica; United States