ERIC Number: ED260970
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1984-Aug
Reference Count: N/A
Alfred Nobel and the Nobel Prizes. Fact Sheets on Sweden.
Swedish Inst., Stockholm.
The life and personality of Alfred Nobel and the Nobel Prizes established by his will are discussed. Nobel was a 19th century Swedish industrialist who was fluent in six languages. He invented dynamite. At his death in 1896, his estate amounted to $9,200,000. His will stipulated that the income from his estate should be divided annually into five equal parts and distributed as prizes to those who during the preceding year had conferred the greatest benefit on mankind. The fields embraced by the prizes reflect Nobel's personal interests: physics, chemistry, physiology or medicine, literature, and peace. The Nobel Foundation was organized as legatee and administrator of the Nobel fund capital, while the various bodies named in the will agreed to award the prizes. The Bank of Sweden, at its tercentenary in 1968, instituted a Prize in Economic Sciences, pledging an annual amount to the Nobel Foundation equal to one of the regular Nobel Prizes. Candidates for the Nobel Prizes must be proposed by qualified individuals or groups. Special committees examine the proposals and announce the winners in mid-October of each year. Presentation ceremonies are held in Sweden and in Norway in December. (RM)
Descriptors: Awards, Biographies, Chemistry, Economics, European History, Global Approach, Literature, Medicine, Peace, Personality, Physics, Physiology
Swedish Institute, P.O. Box 7434, S-103 91, Stockholm, Sweden (free).
Publication Type: Opinion Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Swedish Inst., Stockholm.
Identifiers - Location: Sweden