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ERIC Number: ED260922
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1981-Aug
Pages: 123
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
Pupil Generated Diagrams as a Strategy for Solving Word Problems in Elementary Mathematics.
Yancey, Anna Vance
Prior research on problem solving is discussed, followed by a review of research on mental processes, intellectual development, information processing, mental images, and conceptual imagery. Then four intact fourth grade classes of 23 pupils each were assigned to a 2 x 2 factorial design. One factor was the type of instruction (Method A and Method B); the other factor consisted of two teachers. Method A classes received instruction in the pupil generation of diagrams to represent the inherent structure of mathematics word problems. Method B pupils were taught an eclectic approach. After eight hours of differential instruction an analysis of covariance, using five pretreatment measures as covariates, showed the Method A pupils to be superior in word problem skills (p less than .001) and attitudes toward mathematics (p less than .02). They demonstrated the same superiority six weeks after instruction. The Method A pupils generating the greater number of correct diagrams on the posttest and retention test also performed significantly better on those tests. The efficacy of this new teaching strategy was demonstrated and its potential for diagnosing pupil mental processes was indicated. (Author/MNS)
Publication Type: Dissertations/Theses; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: Practitioners
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A