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ERIC Number: ED260906
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1985-Apr
Pages: 50
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
The Superiority of Girls Over Boys in Mathematics Achievement in Hawaii.
Brandon, Paul R.; And Others
The document first provides a review of recent literature on sex differences in mathematics achievement. From national and international studies, achievement trends across the grades, how achievement varies according to the skills or knowledge assessed, and the mathematical ability of high-ability students are each summarized. Then studies specific to Hawaii are considered. The second section considers the influence of sex roles on achievement, peer-group influences, and cultural influences as reported in national and international studies and in studies conducted in Hawaii. Next, research and measurement issues are noted, followed by a report on a study of sex differences among four ethnic groups in Hawaii: Caucasians, Filipinos, Hawaiians, and Japanese. Data from mathematics subtests of the annual statewide administration of the Stanford Achievement Test from 1982-83 and 1983-84 for grades 4, 6, 8, and 10 are analyzed. Girls were found to have higher mathematics achievement levels than boys, with differences increasing as grade level increased. Sex differences varied by ethnic group, with Japanese-American students found to be particularly high achievers. Boys scored highest on tests of mathematics reasoning, while girls scored highest on computation. Eleven tables are included in the document, plus references. (MNS)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Audience: Practitioners; Researchers
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Hawaii