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ERIC Number: ED260898
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1985-Apr
Pages: 11
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
Two Effective Ways to Implement Wait Time. A Symposium on Wait Time.
Swift, J. Nathan; And Others
The effects of instructional guides and a wait time feedback device (called a "Wait Timer") on the classroom interaction of middle school science teachers are examined. The Wait Timer, an unobtrusive indicator of wait time, is an automatic device that activates a light when a person speaks. The duration of the light at the end of a question, response, or other pause can be regulated to control wait time length. The effects of using the Wait Time was noted to be enhanced by a supportive intervention process that employed analyses of tape recordings of classroom discussions. Through studies, it has been determined that effective use of wait time can result in spontaneous improvements in both cognitive and affective variables in the classroom. These changes are greater if wait time information is supplemented by supportive intervention from persons who have studied tape recordings of interactions from the teachers' classrooms. It appears that monitoring wait times using an electronic device accompanied by skilled analyses of tape recordings and supportive intervention do provide an avenue for the improvement of teaching skills. (ML)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: Researchers; Practitioners
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A