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ERIC Number: ED260848
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1985-Mar
Pages: 17
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
Gender Identity and the Development of Personal Space in Young Children.
Malorzo, Lisa; Page, David
If interpersonal spacing is a component of sex-role development, then gender identity development may partly mediate age and sex differences in personal space, as well as variations in distances due to the sex of the stimulus person. The primary purpose of this study was to investigate this possibility. Personal space preferences of 36 male and female children, 3, 5, 7 years of age, were tested using the felt-board technique. In addition, the gender identity development of each child was measured through verbal responses to 12 items drawn from questionnaires concerning the development of gender stability and gender constancy. Findings indicated that girls were more likely than boys to vary their distances depending on the sex of the target and that 3- and 7-year-olds showed closer distances in relation to same sex others while 5-year-olds prefer closer distances to opposite sex others. Children with more complete gender knowledge preferred closer distances to same-sex others. In addition, level of gender identity development was significantly related to sex of subject, with girls showing greater understanding than boys. Implications of the findings are discussed. (RH)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A