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ERIC Number: ED260824
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1984-Sep
Pages: 13
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
Social Marking and Socio-Cognitive Conflict in Spatial Transformation Tasks.
Girotto, Vittorio; Di Stefano, Gabriele
These studies aim to determine whether a partner's social role and extent of incorrectness were factors capable of interfering with the effects of social marking in spatial transformation tasks. Social marking refers to a condition in which correspondence exists between cognitive relations and some social relation. Experiment 1 assigned 68 non-conserving kindergarten children and first grade students to two conditions with socially marked materials (model schoolroom) and two with socially unmarked materials (model village) crossed by two conditions with a systematically incorrect adult and two with another nonconserving child. Pretesting required subjects to reconstruct a model village on a base oriented differently from a standard model. In the experimental interaction phase subjects were placed in an easy position from which tasks with marked or unmarked materials would pose no cognitive problems and were confronted by partners occupying a position made difficult because, from their perspective, the orientation of the bases was reversed. Posttesting placed individual subjects in the difficult position and employed socially unmarked, model village materials. In the interaction phase, groups using socially marked materials produced more correct performances than groups using unmarked materials, and in the posttest phase, groups using socially marked materials progressed more than groups using unmarked materials. Results of experiment 2 indicated that social marking produced less progress when the adult's model is less perceptually incorrect. (RH)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Italy