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ERIC Number: ED260823
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1985-Jul
Pages: 11
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
Social and Functional Marking in Spatial Transformation Task (Marquage Social et Marquage Fonctionnel dans un'epreuve de Transformation Spatiale).
Girotto, Vittorio; Di Stefano, Gabriele
Non-conserver children have been shown to progress in a spatial transformation task if the material is socially marked, i.e., when there is a correspondence between the cognitive relations and some social relation (Doise and Mugny, 1981). The present experiment was designed to assess the efficacy of social marking when the social necessity of conserving relationships is not directly expressed in the material. Also studied was the issue of whether the functional marking of display produces the effects associated with social marking. A total of 280 kindergarten and first grade children were pretested in a task that required a complex transformation to preserve the relation between elements in a spatial array. Then, 82 non-conserver subjects were assigned to one of four conditions: (1) social marking of material; (2) social marking without any expressed social relation; (3) functional marking; and (4) control condition. In the test phase, the two socially marked conditions yielded performances superior to those in the others, with performance in the functionally marked condition superior to that in the control condition. In the post-test phase, significant progress was observed in both of the socially marked conditions, while only marginal progress was found for the other conditions. (Author/RH)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Italy