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ERIC Number: ED260818
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1985-Jun
Pages: 18
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
Young Children's Development of Similarity and Difference Relations.
Nicolopoulou, Ageliki
The present study examines interrelations between young children's conceptions of similarity and difference prior to the operational coordination of these relations. A total of 24 preoperational children, 8 each at 3, 4, and 5 years of age, were tested with a classificatory task. Materials included four different geometrical shapes, with four identical objects of each shape. Objects of the same shape were of the same color, while each of the four shapes had its own color. Each child was tested individually and the entire session was videotaped. All 16 objects were presented in a random pile, and the children were asked to make something with the objects. Analysis focused on the way children's spontaneously built constructions exhibited the spatial relations of contact or contact-and-separation combined with the features of uniformity, complete and incomplete alteration, or no apparent pattern. Results indicate that 3-year-old children express relations of similarity and difference in a limited form. Four-year-old children express differences through contact, a previously infrequent form. When this form includes all given objects, it expresses maximum differences. By 5 years of age, when this form includes all given objects, it spatially alternates equal numbers of same objects and different classes. The similarity relation at all three age groups is marked through an infrequent form that expresses consistency in the criteria of predication, although the number of classes or objects included in these constructions differs by age. (Illustrated coding categories are included.) (RH)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A