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ERIC Number: ED260817
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1985-Mar
Pages: 25
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
Toward Quality of Match: Relationships between Children's Temperament and Specific Aspects of Parent Behavior.
Nelson, JoAnn Neville
To examine relationships between parents' ratings of children's temperament or behavior style and behavior of mothers and fathers toward individual children, 47 mothers and 47 fathers with a preschool child independently completed the Parent Temperament Questionnaire and the Iowa Parent Behavior Inventory. Dimensions of temperament measured included children's activity level, mood, intensity, persistence, adaptability, and tendency to approach; dimensions of parent behavior measured included parent involvement, reasoning guidance, limit setting, responsiveness, and intimacy with child. Mothers' and fathers' ratings of children's temperament were significantly correlated in all measures except persistence. Mothers rated girls higher in mood than boys. Mothers and fathers were significantly correlated in all behavior factors except responsiveness. Parent involvement was associated with children's persistence. Reasoning guidance in mothers was associated with children's positive mood and tendency to approach. Among fathers, reasoning was related to the child's persistence. Limit setting was related to positive mood and persistence among fathers. Among mothers, it was related to boys' approach. Intimacy, as a mothers behavior, was related to children's adaptability and age. Responsiveness among mothers and fathers was associated with children's intensity. Sex differences emerged in the relationships between parent behavior and child temperament, with differing patterns among mothers and fathers. (Author/RH)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A