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ERIC Number: ED260803
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1983
Pages: 18
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
Young Children's Production of Causal Connectives.
Donaldson, Morag Lennox
In a series of elicited production experiments, eight 3-year-olds and eight 4-year-olds were asked to explain three types of phenomenon: physical, psychological, and logical. Three main findings emerged from an analysis of the children's uses of the causal connectives, 'because' and 'so.' First, the children made very few errors in producing the causal connectives. Only 6 percent of the children's uses involved inversions of the cause-effect relationship. Second, the children's ability to use the causal connectives appropriately did not vary according to the type of phenomenon being explained. Third, the explanations were appropriate to the type of phenomenon being explained. For example, the children usually explained physical phenomena in terms of physical causality. Thus, contrary to Piaget's claims (1929), the children did not tend to psychologize. Results are contrary to those of Piaget (1926, 1928, 1929, 1930) and also to those of several comprehension experiments (e.g., Corrigan, 1975; Kuhn and Phelps, 1976; Emerson, 1979). On the other hand, the present results are consistent with the results of Hood's (1977) production study. Possible reasons for the discrepancy in results are discussed with particular reference to the relationship between comprehension and production of language. (Author/RH)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: United Kingdom (England)