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ERIC Number: ED260795
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1985-Jun
Pages: 13
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
Compositional Development in Children's Drawings.
Golomb, Claire; Dunnington, Gordon
Data obtained under naturalistic conditions do not support the notion of a close fit between the growth of geometric concepts during the concrete operational period and "realism" in art. Realism here refers to the ability to portray the objective proportions of a figure, to coordinate spatial relations and distances, and to represent a scene in perspective. Participants were 161 children of predominantly middle-class background, ranging in age from 3 to 13 years. From six alternatives, four drawing themes were specified by the examiner, and their order of presentation was randomized: A Family, A Birthday Party, Children Playing, A Garden with Trees, Flowers, and a Pond. The tasks were administered on an individual basis or in small groups of 2 to 3 children. The Revised Compositional Scale (Golomb, 1983, 1984) was used to assess the spatial characteristics of the drawings and to identify compositional grouping principles. Where Piaget predicts a radical transformation in representational competence (perspective drawings), findings indicate some consolidation of skills and attention to specific aspects of figural differentiation, but spatial differentiation per se do not show the predicted transformation. Compositional strategies were found to be very much a function of the nature of the task and remained fairly simple for all ages and/or all tasks. The relationship Piaget proposed between drawing competence and spatial-geometrical constructs should be reassessed. (RH)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A