ERIC Number: ED260692
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1985-Jan
Reference Count: N/A
Locus of Control among Computer-Using School Children. A Report of a Pilot Study.
A convenience sample of 46 subjects was selected from 104 elementary through secondary self-selected students who participated in a prototypical voluntary after-school and summer computer camp operated by an American southwestern nonprofit educational research laboratory. Following an initial 16-hour exposure to LOGO and Bank Street Writer, a minimal shift toward an internal locus of control was found for children 12 years of age or less (paired 1-tailed t-test significant at .03), as measured pre- and post-test with the Nowicki-Strickland Locus of Control (LOC) Scale for Children. The LOC scale was chosen as an operationalization of Seymour Papert's concept of "empowering children" via microcomputer interaction. Because prior research on LOC has associated an internal LOC with positive learner attributes, it was felt that such an investigation could assist researchers in more clearly distinguishing between the reaction of different groups toward technology as a tool. Study findings include data which indicate that the study group did demonstrate a significant shift towards internality, "planning" seems to be poorly regarded by even the most "internal" of students, and the subject's self-acceptance experienced a negative shift from pre- to post-tests. (Author/JB)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: National Advisory Council for Computer Implementation in Schools, Tucson, AZ.