ERIC Number: ED260681
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1985-Oct
Reference Count: N/A
The Costs of Assessment.
Ewell, Peter T.; Jones, Dennis P.
The costs of assessment, which was identified as a condition for achieving excellence in undergraduate education by the Study Group on the Conditions of Excellence in American Higher Education, are addressed. Two questions considered deal with (1) the unit of analysis and (2) what to count. The unit of analysis can be the individual student, programs or curricula, or the institution as a whole. Cost calculations vary (direct, indirect, full, average, marginal, opportunity costs); it is most important to determine the level of regular investment the institution must make in addition to ongoing activities. It is assumed that an institution will adopt an explicit program for assessing instructional effectiveness, in which various efforts are coordinated and supported by a visible, staffed office. Some typical direct costs (instrument costs, administration costs, analysis costs, coordination costs) associated with establishing such a comprehensive program are derived. Constructed cost estimates are provided for four typical institutional types (small private liberal arts college, public major research university, regional comprehensive university, and community college). Each constructed cost estimate is anchored by actual data from institutional experience. Commonly used commercial instruments available for assessing student cognitive growth, reactions to college, and experiences after graduation are described in an appendix. (LB)
Publication Type: Opinion Papers; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Center for Higher Education Management Systems, Boulder, CO.; National Inst. of Education (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: N/A