ERIC Number: ED260675
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1985
Reference Count: N/A
Flexibility in Academic Staffing: Effective Policies and Practices. ASHE-ERIC Higher Education Report No. 1, 1985.
Mortimer, Kenneth P.; And Others
Academic staffing practices used at four-year colleges and universities are identified, and recommendations are offered for achieving staffing flexibility in the face of conditions such as scarce resources. In addition to considering faculty flow models (e.g., Markov models and simulators) as a management/planning tool to evaluate personnel and fiscal strategies, four reallocation and reduction strategies are examined: across-the-board attrition, across-the-board decrements, selective attrition, and selective decrements. General factors that limit an institution's flexibility in managing scarce resources and adapting to environmental uncertainty include: excessive external budgetary controls, limited time to respond to change, limited capacity to reallocate resources, and internal opposition. The following 13 staffing practices are examined: flexibility in tenure and staffing, control of academic positions by attrition, contract systems, nontenure-track appointments, part-time appointments, tenure quotas, extended probation and suspension of "up-or-out" rules, stricter tenure standards, review of tenured faculty, early retirement incentives, retrenchment, closure of academic programs, and retraining and reallocating faculty. (SW)
Descriptors: College Administration, College Faculty, Contracts, Early Retirement, Employment Practices, Faculty Evaluation, Financial Policy, Financial Problems, Higher Education, Models, Nontenured Faculty, Part Time Faculty, Personnel Policy, Probationary Period, Program Termination, Quotas, Resource Allocation, Retraining, Retrenchment, Tenured Faculty
Association for the Study of Higher Education, One Dupront Circle, Suite 630, Washington, DC 20036 ($7.50, nonmembers; $6.00, members).
Publication Type: ERIC Publications
Education Level: N/A
Audience: Administrators; Policymakers; Practitioners; Teachers
Sponsor: National Inst. of Education (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Association for the Study of Higher Education.; ERIC Clearinghouse on Higher Education, Washington, DC.