ERIC Number: ED260639
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1983
Self-Directed Adult Learners and Learning. PANEL Resource Paper #13.
Griffin, Virginia R.
Directions in self-directed learning for adults and perspectives for the future are discussed. The following five movements in self-directed learning are considered: the Knowles Group Learning Stream, the Tough Adult Learning Projects Stream, individualized programmed instruction, nontraditional institutional arrangements, and heuristic life experience learning. In addition, 10 visions for the future of self-directed learning are addressed: (1) plentiful options for self-aware learner choices; (2) opportunities to learn how to learn; (3) seeing and studying learning as a fluid process; (4) focusing on learning rather than teaching; (5) goal setting as a flow; (6) valuing of learners by educators; (7) congruence between values and techniques; (8) clarity and consistency of control; (9) interdependence, rather than independence, as a goal; and (10) developing in adult educators sensitivity and a sense of self-worth. One challenge for administrators and educational programmers is to provide a choice of self-directed learning opportunities for adults, and to encourage learners to evaluate their preference among different learning forms. Self-directed learners should trust their intuitions and own up to their strengths, desires, skills, and needs. (SW)
Publication Type: Opinion Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: National Society for Internships and Experiential Education, Raleigh, NC. Peer Assistance Network in Experiential Learning.
Note: Based on an address presented at the Wisconsin Adult Educator Lyceum (Pewaukee, WI, July 15-16, 1977). For related documents, see HE 018 617-635.