ERIC Number: ED260557
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1985-Jun
Reference Count: 0
New Thoughts on Play and Leisure Activities for Children and Adults Who Are Mentally Retarded.
Hughes, Selma; Fullwood, Harry L.
Surveys on leisure and recreational patterns of mentally retarded individuals were completed by 98 parents of retarded children and adults. Results are reported, along with reviews of the literature in three general headings: (1) play in mentally retarded children under 12; (2) leisure and recreation activities in mentally retarded individuals 12 and older; and (3) the role of friendship in the lives of mentally handicapped children and adults. Section 1 reviews reasons for ambiguity in defining play, notes differences in mother and father-imitated play, and reports results for preschool and primary grade students. Section 2 notes the relative lack of emphasis on teaching leisure skills to this age group (over 12), and reveals that television viewing and music were the favorite activities of the study's Ss. Section 3 notes that common interests appeared to play a greater part in friendship than age or sex in the student sample. Reasons for lack of information on friendship patterns of older retarded persons are examined. Among conclusions offered are that friendship in the younger child is linked to play, that friendship patterns improved when Ss left school for sheltered workshops, and programs to encourage active participation in making friends are best done on a small scale. A five-page list of references concludes the paper. (CL)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Information Analyses; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual State Convention of the Association for Retarded Citizens (35th, Arlington, TX, June 21-22, 1985).