ERIC Number: ED260555
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1985
Microcomputer Word Processor Versus Handwriting: A Comparative Study of Writing Samples Produced by Mildly Mentally Handicapped Students.
Vacc, Nancy N.
Differences between letters of four adolescent mildly mentally handicapped (MMH) students written by hand and those composed on a microcomputer using a word processor were examined in terms of amount of time a subject spent completing a letter, the length of a completed letter, the number of words written per unit of time needed to complete a letter, the number of revisions made while composng a letter, and the judged quality of a completed letter. Ss who had completed a typing course and had at least 1 year of experience using a microcomputer, were studied individually in a single-subject, repeated-measures, counter-balanced (i.e., crossover) design. Each S completed a total of 24 letters; 12 handwritten and 12 composed using a microcomputer. From the data analyses, it was concluded that the Ss spent significantly more time, produced noticeably longer letters, and made substantially more revisions when writing letters on a microcomputer than when completing handwritten letters. The mean number of words written per unit of time on task was substantially higher for subjects' handwritten letters than for their microcomputer-generated letters, which was attributed to the greater number of revisions made when completing letters on the microcomputer. Rater's evaluations of the quality of each letter, using holistic scoring criteria, revealed no difference between letters written on the microcomputer and handwritten letters. When selecting the five best letters written by each subject, however, the raters chose letters written on the microcomputer significantly more often than they selected handwritten letters. Charts and graphs are included. (Author/CL)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Dissertations/Theses
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A