ERIC Number: ED260514
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1985-Nov
Reference Count: N/A
The Grade Retention/Social Promotion Debate.
Research Roundup, v2 n1 Nov 1985
This publication focuses on the retention/promotion debate regarding failing and low-achieving students. An introductory essay describes the inherent limitation in the research done on this issue--the impossibility of obtaining an appropriate control group--and suggests that the retention/promotion quandary can best be resolved by accommodating the present educational system to the special needs of low-achieving students. Thereafter, five recent studies on this issue are summarized and reviewed. The first, by Doug Chafe, is a review of the literature on criteria for retention or promotion. The second, by Jane K. Elligett and Thomas S. Tocco, describes the stringent promotion/retention policy in Pinellas County, Florida, and analyzes its results. The third, by Nancy B. Schuyler, is a technical report from the Austin (Texas) Independent School District on its new stringent promotion/retention policy at the elementary level. Fourth is a California study, by Jonathan Sandoval and G. Penee Hughes, that analyzed a wide variety of indicators to determine predictors of success for retained first-grade students. The final study, by Marilyn Pheasant, describes a first-grade readiness program at the Aumsville (Oregon) School District. ERIC document numbers are noted. (TE)
Descriptors: Academic Failure, Age Grade Placement, Elementary Secondary Education, Grade Repetition, Grades (Scholastic), Learning Problems, Low Achievement, Preschool Education, Research Needs, Social Promotion, Student Improvement, Student Placement, Student Promotion, Underachievement
Publication Sales, National Association of Elementary School Principals, 1615 Duke Street, Arlington, VA 22314 ($2.00, prepaid; quantity discounts).
Publication Type: ERIC Publications
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Inst. of Education (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: National Association of Elementary School Principals, Alexandria, VA.; ERIC Clearinghouse on Educational Management, Eugene, OR.